Each format has distinct features and qualities that affect how it can be transmitted or read across programs. Get every tutorial and learn Photoshop, Lightroom & Photography, plus our exclusive library of Lightroom Presets. For example, Lightroom does not allow you to work directly with PSB files like it does with PSDs. You can also convert images to sRGB, which is the color space used by web browsers for displaying image information. They are also compressed, meaning that there is some information loss. However, unlike Photoshop, there are no design tools available in Lightroom. This makes it easy to tell just from looking at the file extension which version of your image is the master working file (.psd) and which is the flattened, print-ready version (.tif). PSD files are your best choice to serve as your master files and for archiving to CD, DVD or an external hard drive for safe keeping. .psd - PSD image 9. This menu will give you a variety of options for saving your JPEG images as well as an option to convert them to sRGB. PSBs are nearly identical to PSDs except that they are a ‘large document’ file format. The most important thing to remember is to save your working Photoshop file as an unflattened PSD file to use as your master copy, which will preserve all of your layers, channels and so on in Photoshop's native file format, allowing you to return to your work at any time. If you're one of the many, many people who have found themselves overwhelmed by the sheer number of file formats that Photoshop presents us with when trying to save an image, good news! All major web browsers support GIF files and their small file sizes load quickly on the screen. Photo viewer softwares: Adobe Photoshop, Corel PaintShop, and FastRawViewer Photo editing softwares: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Lightroom, Corel PaintShop RAW is a digital image file format that contains data about electrical signals from a digital camera which are not processed and therefore unsuitable for printing or reading by any of the graphics editors. For example, if you bring a portrait image into Photoshop, it will come in as a single layer. Get Every Tutorial.Unlimited Streaming on Any Device. .gif - GIF image 4. The JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) format has been around for nearly 20 years now and has become the most popular and widely used file format for viewing and sharing digital photos. Photoshop format (PSD) is the default file format and the only format, besides the Large Document Format (PSB), that supports most Photoshop features. In this tutorial, Aaron demonstrates how to export photos with accurate color, how to save work in layered files, how to create an animation, and how to make a background transparent. But no matter how you pronounce it, this is the most popular format for creating small snippets of video to display on the web. EPS files are not really image files in the traditional sense. The following are the most commonly seen font file formats: TTF – TrueType font files; these are one of the most commonly found font file formats. Filename extensions are usually noted in parentheses if they differ from the file format name or abbreviation. Tutorial Description. Basic images – include .jpg, .gif, .png, and .bmp file types. Whether you’re a designer,a gamer, or a casual computer user, you’ve probably had your fair share ofinteractions with those digital creatures that we like to call “files”. PSD stands for Photoshop Document and it is the standard format for saving work within Photoshop. For higher quality transparency effects, a better choice is the PNG format. Every layer you create will add additional information to the image and the document. This format is useful any time you need to have a button or logo display on a website and want to use the background of the website rather than a background that is part of the image itself. Like the PSD and TIFF formats, PDF supports and preserves all of Photoshop's features, including the ability to use spot colors, something the EPS format does not support. Layered file formats will preserve all of the layer information in a document. Unfortunately, older web browsers may not support the PNG format, which means GIF is still the safest choice when browser compatibility is your main concern. Both image types may be saved with several different file extensions. The files are well suited for web page layouts, banners and buttons, especially if they contain large areas of solid color. Photos in this format are flattened, meaning that they do not contain any layer information. Font files are formatted differently to other file types and as such they have specific file extensions that define them as font files. JPEG is what's called a lossy file format because it compresses the images, which essentially means it takes some of your image information and tosses it out the virtual window, never to be seen again. Realistically, you only need to save as a JPEG as the last step. Most high end digital SLR cameras give you the option of capturing images in either the JPEG or RAW format. PSD is one of the few file types that fully support all of the powerful features that Photoshop gives us, like layers, layer masks, adjustment layers, channels, paths, and so on. RGB file formats. Of all the file formats that Photoshop supports, the PSD format is probably the most important. TIFF (.tiff) stands for Targeted Image File Format (no, it’s not short for Tiffany) and was originally designed as an interchange format between scanners and printers. This is incredibly important to remember! PSD stands for "Photoshop Document", and as the name implies, it's Photoshop's native file format. If you ever export JPEGs for display on the web (if you’re creating an online portfolio, for example) be sure to use the dialog under File, Export, and Save for Web (Legacy). JPEGs are by far the most flexible way to export your images out of Photoshop. You control the amount of compression being applied to the file using the Quality setting that appears in Photoshop when you go to save it. While EPS remains an industry standard format, you probably won't use it very often unless it's the format specifically requested by your commercial printer. One of the newer advantages with PSD files is that they can now be imported directly into Adobe InDesign, giving you complete access to the individual layers in the file as you're designing your page layouts. Any document that is 2GB or larger must be saved as a PSB. This is the most commonly used industry-standard file format, and is generally what print or … If You Are Interested In Different Types of Vector Image File Formats, Read This Blog Post >> Vector Based Image File Formats & Extensions And Their Definitions: Related posts. The biggest strength of JPEG files is convenience. For everyday viewing and sharing of your digital photos, the JPEG format is still more useful and convenient, even if the image quality isn't as good. It does this to reduce file size, but the more compression you use, the worse your images look. It is the first of several ‘layered’ file types that we’ll cover. Home > Digital Photo Essentials > Essential File Formats. TIFF (also known as TIF), file types ending in .tif. According to TechTerms.com,a “file” is: The computers thatwe work with (be it a Mac or a PC) or any other modern device operate with data(information, settings, commands, etc.) PSD stands for Photoshop Document and it is the primary format that Photoshop produces. That never happened and GIF files are still in wide use today, yet the PNG format improves upon the GIF format in nearly every way. PNG (Portable Network Graphics) was originally meant to replace the GIF format (PNG also stands for "PNG not GIF"). And there we have it! You can additional layers for making adjustments to exposure and color or to add effects like noise and blur. If you work in Photoshop often, you’re already … With over a billion possible colors and lossless compression, PNG is a great choice for saving digital photos as high quality originals. Once the image detail is gone, you can never get it back (unless of course you read the first part of this article and saved a master copy of the original as a Photoshop PSD file). You can even re-open a PSD file in Photoshop directly from InDesign, make changes to the file, save it, and have the changes immediately update in your layout! There are dozens and dozens of raw formats, but some of the typical formats are CRW (Canon), NEF (Nikon), and DNG (Adobe). PSD... JPEG. A high enough Quality setting can still produce great looking images but your file size will be larger. You can easily print your images at home with Photoshop directly from the PSD file, and many commercial printers are now able to accept PSDs as well, although some may still require an EPS or TIFF version of the file instead, so it's always best to check with your printer to make sure you're giving them the format they need. Each time to open and re-save it, you'll add even more compression to the image, and it doesn't take long for things to get ugly. With InDesign now being able to import and work directly with layered Photoshop PSD files, and both the PSD and PDF formats gaining popularity in the print community, TIFF isn't quite as important as it once was, but it remains the print industry standard and enjoys widespread support. That's right, out of the 25 file types found in Photoshop's "Save As" dialog box, there's really only a handful of them that most of us will ever use. PNG's main advantage over GIF files, besides far exceeding GIF's 256 color limit, is that it can reproduce a full 256 levels of transparency compared with GIF's single level, giving us smooth transitions around edges without having to worry about matching the edges with the background color. You can open up the PSD file at any time to make changes, add or remove layers, and export the image into a format more suited for the web. For files larger than 2 GB, save in Large Document Format (PSB), Photoshop Raw (flattened image only), TIFF (up to 4 GB), or DICOM format. It’s important to understand when to use each image type and the best file … Since text is used to describe the graphic, an SVG file can be scaled to different sizes without losing quality—in other words, the format is resolution-independent. The JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) format has been around for nearly 20 years now … The Photoshop File Format describes the Photoshop PSD and PSB native file format in detail. PNG (Portable Network Graphics) PNG is a high-quality file format used for images. GIF also allows web designers to create simple animations. You can even re-save the same PNG file multiple times without degrading its quality, whereas JPEG files look worse each time you re-save them. 1. Vector images – include .svg and .dxf file types. Is it GIF as in giraffe or GIF as in gift? Much smaller than a video file and much larger than a JPEG or PNG, GIFs are certainly useful but they can be slower to load when compared to a single still image. Raw images store the unprocessed and processed data in two separate files, so you’re left with the highest quality image possible that you can edit non-destructively with a photo editing application like Photoshop. The pixels are either on or off but the PNG file format actually allows you to have 256 different levels of transparency. As with audio files, if videos are saved in other formats (too numerous to mention), you need to convert the video format to a format acceptable to Elements. From there, you can save a copy of your image in one of the other six formats depending on where the image is headed (print, the web, or a multimedia program) or which format your printer has requested. Save 30% Off Everything. Today, we show you all the most common file formats, what they're for and how to create them. Elements supports the WMV (Windows) and Apple QuickTime (Macintosh) video formats. Vector files: Useful in many different environments. Online printing services usually require your photos to be uploaded as JPEG files. The Photoshop software can open dozens upon dozens of files, 135 to be exact. It supports 24-bit color, which means it can reproduce roughly 16.7 million colors, and even the cheapest digital cameras can capture images as JPEG files. The standard bit depth for images is 8 bits per channel. Saving as a PSD simply saves all of your work and all of the layers you have created. in Photoshop) and tone map them in another application (e.g. There's no loss in image quality no matter how many times you re-open and re-save a PSD, and all of your layers, layer masks, adjustment layers and so on will be saved as part of the file, allowing you to go back at any time and make changes to the image or continue working from where you left off. (If you’re only working with a single image without any edits, you’ll only have one layer.) Adobe Photoshop CC 2015 or earlier Adobe Acrobat 11 Quark Xpress 9 or earlier We can view and print most AutoCAD® files in dwg and dxf formats. Font Files. The GIF file format, which stands for Graphics Interchange Format, has been around even longer than JPEG, and it's the format of choice for web graphics. The highest quality setting is usually labelled "Large". Like PSD files, TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is one of the few file types that support all of Photoshop's features and is another great choice for archiving your images, with lossless compression that allows you to save photos with the highest possible image quality. In this quick guide, we'll look briefly at the essential formats we need to know, or at least be aware of, including the pros and cons of each one and the situations where it makes the most sense to use it! No, because at this time, Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop (ACR) will not open these files. The downside, though, is that PNG is not as widely supported as the JPEG format, and PNG does not support CMYK color, which means commercial printers can't use them. Video files can also be imported in slide shows. Below is a list of the most common image file extensions. When it comes to web design, though, the GIF format is indispensable. Many operating systems do not limit filenames to one extension shorter than 4 characters, as was common with some operating systems that supported the File Allocation Table (FAT) file system. It supports everything from images, of course, to bizarre Photoshop formats, files supported in 3D applications, video and audio data, raw camera formats, and even a VR modeling language. JPEGs are ideal for RGB files because they’re a nice middle-ground between file size and quality, and they’re readable almost anywhere. The TIF format is great if you’re working with clients and want to able to share your layered documents without having to worry about compatibility. These files are uploaded as a single layer, and you have the ability to edit the image during the upload process. So, the GIF file format only supports one level transparency. Format(s) for 32-bit files: EXR – Open EXR format: Especially if you are doing HDR and if you merge your images in one application (e.g. When you’re working digitally, there are two kinds of image file types: raster and vector. Then if you create a new layer and use the Spot Healing Brush Tool to remove some blemishes, you will have a second layer in the document. Happy New Years! The downside to JPEGs is that the reduced quality caused by image compression means they're not a good choice for printing when image quality is your primary concern, and they're also not a good choice for archiving your originals. .png - PNG image 7. To achieve greater dynamic range with 16- or 32-bit images, use the following formats: The most common images file format, JPEGs are compressed images that are ideal for sharing and displaying on the internet. The only drawback here is that the PSB format is slightly less compatible with other Adobe products. The only real disadvantage to PSD files is that the file size can get very large, especially if you're working on an image with hundreds or even thousands of layers. TIFF … TIFF. Bottom line, your PSD file is the most important file you can have, so be sure to save yourself a master copy of your work as a PSD file so you can always return to it in Photoshop when you need it! But with computer hard drives and memory being so cheap these days, it's a small price to pay for the creative freedom that Photoshop and its native PSD file format give us. It's important, though, not to confuse "popular" and "widely used" with "professional quality". PNGs will generally be a larger file size than JPEGs, so they can cause performance issues if used a lot on the same page. This means that they are made specifically for extremely large images or Photoshop documents that contain a lot of information. Your guess is as good as ours. Ideal for text, graphics, or icons, PNGs can be exported with a transparent background. From TIFs and GIFs to JPEGs and PNGs, learn about some of the most common file formats in Photoshop! There are dozens of different image types and image file extensions that can be used when creating and saving images on the computer. PNG files are most often used in multimedia programs like Flash as well as Keynote and PowerPoint presentations. .ps - PostScript file 8. .ads-bottom { width:300px; } The quality comes at a price though, as TIFF files can be very large, especially when compared with JPEG files. This file type is known … If you work in Photoshop often, you’re already familiar with PSDs and how they work. Finally, while most people are familiar with PDF files for viewing, sharing and printing electronic documents (hence the name Portable Document Format), PDF is also gaining in popularity as a great choice for saving images destined for print. Photoshop Essential File Formats Quick Guide Photoshop .PSD. From TIFs and GIFs to JPEGs and PNGs, learn about some of the most common file formats in Photoshop! To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a This is why website and print graphics are often built in the SVG format, so they can be resized to fit different designs in the future. Vector files can be saved, accessed, and exported in four main formats – AI, EPS, SVG, and PDF. While JPEG files support 24-bit color (16.7 million colors), PNG files support up to 48-bit color, giving us more than 1 billion possible colors! A TIF is a large raster file that doesn't lose quality. Also, many commercial printers will ask for a flattened version of your TIFF file. This will ensure that your photos look great and that the colors are accurate! Buthave you ever wondered what they actually are, or where the concept behindthem originated from? In this tutorial, Aaron ... .PSD. Image File Formats in Photoshop Explained. It even improves on the JPEG format. If you've done any sort of editing work on an image and there's even the slightest chance you'll need to come back to it again at some point in the future, save your work as a Photoshop PSD file. PDF gives you the choice of either JPEG compression, complete with a Quality setting to balance image quality with file size, or lossless ZIP compression. Images come in several different types, and each has a use. As the PNG file format or PNG file format supports full alpha channel masks. So, you can have nice subtle areas of … If you're capturing JPEG files in your camera, make sure you're capturing the largest, highest quality images possible. They're usually small enough that they can easily be uploaded and displayed on web pages, or on photo sharing sites like Facebook and Flickr, and emailed to family and friends. File size is limited to 4GB so larger, more in-depth projects may still require you to save in a large document format like PSB. This file type is … supports HTML5 video. 3D-related formats 3D Studio ( import only) DAE (Collada) Flash 3D ( export only) JPS (JPEG Stereo) KMZ (Google Earth 4) MPO (Multi-Picture format) U3D Wavefront OBJ December 24, 2020. That may sound impressive, but even JPEG files support more colors than the human eye can see, so any real world differences between 24 and 48-bit color are minimal at best. This is a list of file formats used by computers, organized by type. Get all of our Photoshop tutorials as PDFs. EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is another print industry standard format that's been around for quite a while, but its use has been in decline over the years. .ico - Icon file 5. PNG files are also usually smaller than GIF files, so they'll load even faster in a web browser. Photoshop (*.PSD, *.PDD): This format is the native file format for both Photoshop and Photoshop Elements. There are a variety of options to compress GIFs to control file size and it is the perfect file format for short little animations and cinemagraphs. The biggest advantage over JPEG is that PNG is a lossless file format, meaning that even though it still compresses images to reduce file size, the compression method it uses does not result in a loss of image quality. TIF is another type of layered file but in a more universally accepted package. Perfect for those who may be opening documents in software other than Photoshop. Follow the process mentioned below to restore the corrupt files. When we open an image in Photoshop, regardless of which file type the image was originally using, Photoshop temporarily converts it into a PSD file behind the scenes so we can work on it with all of Photoshop's tools, commands and features at our disposal. The different image formats available offer various advantages and disadvantages. There are a number of options for compression which allows you to maintain a certain level of quality where necessary. web browser that The format supports saving all color modes and bit depths, and you can preserve layers. Method 2: Recover Photoshop Files from Temp Files Now, if your system got crashed due to a power surge or insufficient backup, you can use temp files to recover the PSD files. .tif or .tiff - TIFF image Some of the file suffixes you'll run into are JPEG, TIFF, PSD, BMP, PICT, and PNG. Photomatix), this is a handy format as it can efficiently store the native 32-bit data preserving all the details and tones of your images. Raw files cannot be directly viewed on a computer as they are stored in two different files. TIFF (.tif, .tiff) TIFF or Tagged Image File Format are lossless images files meaning that they do not … .svg - Scalable Vector Graphics file 10. Choosing between the different formats is a critical—if simple—decision for images that will be used outside of Photoshop or print. TIFF stands for Tagged Image File Format. .jpeg or .jpg - JPEG image 6. Here are some general guidelines for the uses of each kind of image file: If the images are for web or mobile, use JPEG, PNG, or GIF. Use this format when you want to save in a native format or exchange files with Photoshop users. And the PDF format benefits from the fact that anyone with the free Adobe Reader installed on their computer can view the image. PSD is the standard source file for RGB documents, assuming all team members are working with Adobe Photoshop. TIFF - Tagged Image File. Check your camera's instruction manual to find out where the image quality option is in your camera's menu system.